Each Wednesday we will highlight the women of the First World War. Today we highlight Julia Grace Wales.
A graduate of McGill University and Radcliffe College, Canadian Julia Grace Wales was an English professor at the University of Wisconsin during the First World War. Shocked by the violence and brutality of the war, she developed and wrote a proposal to end the hostilities, entitled “Continuous Mediation Without Armistice”. Known as both the Canada Plan and/or Wisconsin Plan, Wales proposed that the then-neutral United States could hold a conference at which leaders of neutral countries would mediate between the warring nations. Wales’ proposal was widely-published and backed by the International Congress of Women.
With U.S. President Woodrow Wilson also supporting the idea, Wales travelled overseas to present the Canada Plan to European governments. However, with America’s entry into the war in 1917, the opportunity for the plan dissolved. Julia Grace Wales’ “Continuous Mediation Without Armistice” can be viewed in its entirety at the link below: http://content.wisconsinhistory.org/cdm/ref/collection/tp/id/48411